# dynamic simulation using bus fault

I have performed dynamic simulation using bus fault at generator bus, as a result, the frequency rises just after the actuation of fault. I am not able to analyze the reason behind. Instead, if I would perform LLG or LG fault on the same bus, the frequency drops just after the fault. Further, I would like to know whether there is any other way by which plot using .outx file can be drawn at single y-axis rather than separate y-axis for each parameter in an individual sheet.

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Agree with what perolofl has mentioned, also take into account that the plotted bus frequency is the time derivative of the generator internal rotor angle. If you have applied a solid three-phase fault, the active power output will be 0, while the mechanical power (or Torque in pu) will continue to be more or less constant during the first instants after the fault. This creates a Torque surplus and according to the generator power swing equation the rotor will start accelerating, giving rise to Δω as well as Δδ. As long as Δω increases,i.e. as long as the governor continues feeding the Torque surplus, you will be noticing a frequency rise.

Right after the fault clearance, and since Δδ has increased during the fault application, the generator (if still interconnected) will experience a wild active power output change, since the much larger δ (being integrated during the whole fault application acceleration interval) will impose a much larger active power output (much greater than what the governor applied Torque was) giving rise to a Torque deficit and subsequent deceleration interval, which creates a transient power swing.

If you perform LLG, or LG, not all voltages go down to zero and thus the generator continues to supply active power. The active power supplied during the fault might even grow, if the voltage reduction was less than the current increase, although the current increase will mostly be reactive, but still the generator will continue supplying active power giving rise to lower frequency increase.

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A three phase fault brings the generator voltage to zero. The generator active electric power is proportional to U*I. So even if the generator current increases during the short circuit the active power becomes zero since voltage is zero (if we ignore the small losses in the generator itself). The turbine power remains constant so the turbine and rotor will accelerate during the three phase short circuit. This is the basics for transient stability. I recommend you to read about "equal area criterion".

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@perolofl how to output or get the current of the bus during the dynamic(maybe in positive squence neg-squence,and zero-sequence.) and plot it. Thank you.

( 2018-10-22 05:42:19 -0500 )edit

Only the positive sequence network is modeled in dynamic simulation. To plot the fault current, split the bus and insert a dummy bus with a ZIL between the buses. Add line channel with MVA for the ZIL. Divide the channel with Ubase and sqrt(3) in order to plot the line currrent.

( 2018-10-22 05:54:20 -0500 )edit

Connect the fault at the dummy bus so all fault current will flow on the ZIL.

( 2018-10-22 05:56:00 -0500 )edit

@perolofl how could I get the IEC parameters that the POM_Addendum shown? As the "POM_Addendum" shown (IEC short circuit current POM PSSe34.4) I, ID, IMAX1, R2X1, IMAX2, R2X2, IMAX0, R2X0, KWD, IKWDmax, IKWDmin I, ID, IMAX1, R2X1, IMAX2, R2X2, IMAX0, R2X0, IkPFmax, IkPFmin.

( 2018-10-22 07:28:37 -0500 )edit